Kinetics and Products of Vinyl + 1,3-Butadiene, a Potential Route to Benzene

TitleKinetics and Products of Vinyl + 1,3-Butadiene, a Potential Route to Benzene
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBuras ZJ, Dames EE, Merchant SS, Liu G, Elsamra RMI, Green WH
JournalThe journal of physical chemistry. A
Date Publishedjul

The reaction between vinyl radical, C2H3, and 1,3-butadiene, 1,3-C4H6, has long been recognized as a potential route to benzene, particularly in 1,3-butadiene flames, but the lack of reliable rate coefficients has hindered assessments of its true contribution. Using laser flash photolysis and visible laser absorbance ($łambda$ = 423.2 nm), we measured the overall rate coefficient for C2H3 + 1,3-C4H6, k1, at 297 K ≤ T ≤ 494 K and 4 ≤ P ≤ 100 Torr. k1 was in the high-pressure limit in this range and could be fit by the simple Arrhenius expression k1 = (1.1 ± 0.2) × 10(-12) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) exp(-9.9 ± 0.6 kJ mol(-1)/RT). Using photoionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, we also investigated the products formed. At T ≤ 494 K and P = 25 Torr, we found only C6H9 adduct species, while at 494 K ≤ T ≤ 700 K and P = 4 Torr, we observed ≤∼10{%} branching to cyclohexadiene in addition to C6H9. Quantum chemistry master-equation calculations using the modified strong collision model indicate that n-C6H9 is the dominant product at low temperature, consistent with our experimental results, and predict the rate coefficient and branching ratios at higher T where chemically activated channels become important. Predictions of k1 are in close agreement with our experimental results, allowing us to recommend the following modified Arrhenius expression in the high-pressure limit from 300 to 2000 K: k1 = 6.5 × 10(-20) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) T(2.40) exp(-1.76 kJ mol(-1)/RT).